The Survival Kit is a set of necessary items that are prepared in advance, in order to have them available in case of emergency. It is widely used for example in the lifeboats or aboard military aircraft.
In our case, it is therefore have at home a bag including the need to survive in case of need.
Obviously, there are different survival kit sizes: This can range from a bag-to-back in a fallout shelter, in which some store something to live for several months.
Conceptually, a survival kit should contain the necessary to:
provide a rough shelter against the elements (this will often be a tarp at best a tent.)
help keep a reasonable temperature (clothing, necessary for fire …)
meet the first aid needs.
providing food and water (optionally with the aid of nature.)
allow sending signals to potential rescuers (in case of flooding, for example.)
If you wish to obtain a survival kit, you have two options:
Buy a ready-made kit.
Build up his self-kit.
The first solution will generally be cheaper if you look overall. However, it may be that you ended up with items you do not need and / or other items to buy that can change the game in terms of price.
His biggest problem is that you do not control exactly what you put in your survival kit. It is reassuring to know that we chose exactly what we wanted to have, especially for something as important.
Whatever your choice, here are some things you can not do without for a survival kit worthy of the name:
a blanket or a sleeping bag to keep you warm
a knife (if possible a Swiss Army knife and a good survival knife)
what make fire
wire or rope type of paracord (see here)
light (flashlight or headlamp)
As for food, I will come back a little lower.
1) Buy a ready-made survival kit.
First know that food is rarely included in the survival kit marketed, so you will have to add it yourself. Regarding food, a solution that seems almost optimal in most cases at least, is that of survival rations. For more details, read the section “build up his self-kit”.
Returning to the purchase of kits on the market. There is a wide variety to choose from, allowing you to deal with different situations.
A comprehensive survival guides is the Ultimate Survival Kit for Gerber Bear Grylls range, which we have already mentioned in this article.
a fairly complete multifunction knife.
a sealed bag
a mini flashlight
a mirror (to signal its presence in particular)
a survival blanket
a fire lighter and waterproof matches.
tinder to start a fire
wire bracelet survival [see here] thread and sewing kits
a necessary fishing
a rescue whistle.
If I had to add elements to this kit to complement the outside of perishable goods, of course I’ll have a good survival knife, enough to perform first aid in case of problems (tablets against diarrhea and painkillers, bandages, Antisceptique, compresses …) and possibly a compass.
If you compare prices, you can obviously find survival kits cheaper than this, but I personally do not recommend to buy a survival kit at less than € 30. You will have a poor quality hardware, and you will inevitably spend double to complete …
There are also more complete survival kit, including survival kit “UK Special Forces”. However, if you have 100 € to put in a survival kit (which is not absurd), I think it is worth it to spend an hour and to be the self, in order to have something really optimal.
2) build up his self-kit.
Take our courage in both hands, do not yield to the ease and compose our survival kit ourselves! Start again from the list of essential that we talked about earlier.
a survival blanket: I propose again to use a product range of Bear Grylls: Bear Grylls survival blanket. We do not share at home, I promise! But these are the right products for thought for survivalism, and are of good quality.
a knife (if possible a Swiss Army knife and a good survival knife). I advise you to see our two articles on survival knives and knives Bear Grylls. If you are looking for a Swiss Army knife at a very good value, I recommend the Victorinox. Soon we will write a detailed article on the Victorinox.
enough to make a fire: Here we must make a choice. The most basic is to buy a rod fire starter, which simply produces sparks that help light a fire. These systems have the advantage of being almost inexhaustible, unlike lighters or matches. However, they are very very inconvenient, and should in my opinion be at best a backup solution. However, if you choose this option I recommend at least you bring tinder or cotton in a sealed cover to the wetter than average night, or you could eat raw. The other option, whose mind is less “survivalist” but still better from a pragmatic point of view, is to bring 3 or 4 Bic lighters (Zippo or two) and / or packet of matches watertight enclosed in a sealed bag (this is essential for the shot …)
wire or rope type of paracord (again, see our article on survival bracelets)
light: you have two options again or buy a flashlight with dynamo either purchase a lamp classic torch of good quality and more batteries in reserve. Beware though, if you buy a flashlight on the internet you do not have lamps by € 3 that look good and are making 5 cm long (it is not seen on a photo), but don ‘ illuminate anything.
If you go into the forest, it can not hurt to have a tool to cut wood: a saw, a hatchet or machete. We will write an article on the subject in the coming weeks to help you choose.
all this you can add a wire (to make collars or build a shelter) a fishing kit and a sewing kit, because it does not take up much space and it can be used!
Let us turn to food:
Regarding water, you will find in the cities or in the nature.Il you definitely need a way to store, such as a water bottle or camelback. It is quite easy to France to find water under normal conditions, in towns and especially in cemeteries. In addition to this, you will need purifiers water tablets (click to see article) to avoid getting sick if you are far from a town.
As for the food, it’s a little more complicated to get them in the wild. Of course, if we know that hunger may be a problem (especially if one starts long time and we can not carry enough food to last), take what its food. The gathering can provide an easy source of food, but it may be necessary to have a fishing kit and what to do traps. If you want to take food for some days survival rations (see our article via the link) are a very good way to eat easily, his hunger, something pleasant. If you go longer, the weight may soon become unbearable, and it will surely take you to freeze food you will easily find on the internet.
Beyond these elements who are pure survival elements, one can think a little comfort (it does not hurt, comfort is not necessarily a luxury, be healthy mind is necessary and may depend of how it feels in her body!). Think for instance take a pair of underwear replacement. This allows to wear while washing your first and they dry for example. A toothbrush and toothpaste and a bit of Marseille soap can also be appreciable after several days of walking …
In short, keep in mind that a survival kit should be tailored to your personal needs, your environment, and especially what it is intended. Again, this website aims to help you prepare to fairly probable events (not a zombie attack), in a climate like that of France. We advise you to keep this in mind and remain rational in your preparations (eg unnecessary to train to fight against polar bears!)
When speaking of preparation for survival, we speak actually three different things:
Mental preparation: the practical and technical knowledge, self-knowledge, ability to manage stress, …
Physical preparation: physical fitness, of course, but also acclimatization to hot, cold or altitude, …
Material preparation: tools that will become, in effect, the extension and multiplication of our mental and our physical.
When for one reason or another, we find ourselves having to cope on her own in a critical situation; mental, physical and material can all make a huge difference but that of the three is probably the easiest to obtain and that is, whatever people say, often the less critical is the material preparation.
In fact, most hikers who go for a walk one day in France carry no equipment besides a bottle of water, a picnic and, in the best case, a mobile phone . However, a simple lighter can be enough to make the difference between a relatively comfortable winter night spent by a fire and a night spent shivering with all his might. From these few critical pieces of equipment referred to in this datasheet: these few hundred grams that can make the difference between a survivor … and a morbid drama.
Instead of stupidly make a list, here is rather the elements that enable you to assemble your own survival gear, depending on your needs, your environment and your business. A “survival kit” is very personal and context-dependent. Each person has different needs, different concerns and capacities …
What must serve a survival kit?
Before choosing a tool, we must of course know what we will do. What is the task at hand. The survival kit, as the name implies, will help you survive but survive … well … what?
Your kit, your body and put your knowledge together, should ideally help you cover all the basic needs. What I need to be able to drink? How can I keep my core temperature at 37 ° C day and night? etc … Ask yourself these simple questions, find reliable solutions, and whether they require equipment carriage … Take it! Remember also that depending on location, season, or the activities you do, for example, you will find completely different answers to these questions. Your survival kit is evolving! You must fit your outlets, your environment, …
To summarize these points, our partner David Manise imagined Rule 3 which consists in saying that one survival:
– 3 seconds with a stupid decision: it will leave you little chance of survival. There is no hardware to meet this need but we hope you will find in our factsheets enough information to prevent you take this kind of decision.
– 3 minutes without oxygen in our vital centers: efficient breathing, heart beating and blood pumping are all essential elements. How to keep it all running? how to stop bleeding?
– 3 hours without temperature control in extreme climate: how to make fire? make a shelter? What kind of clothes to choose?
– Three days without water: how to purify and store water?
– 3 weeks without food: in survival in the short term (a few days), eating is not the priority.
The different types of kits
The kits should therefore provide an adequate material response to a wide range of possible situations! Then distinguish several types of kit:
– EDC or everyday carry is the equipment that door in everyday life;
– TCS and Some Day Carry is the equipment that door in a most unusual context: hiking, travel …;
– BOB or Bug Out Bag is the equipment that we side guard to cope with a critical situation, for example to quickly leave home in case of natural disasters (floods, fires, earthquakes, etc …). This is the most voluminous kit as to enable a person or an entire family to hold several days without vital supplies. The website of the Ministry of Interior also stipulates that every citizen should be able to cope with this situation for about three days (corresponding to the maximum length supported by the rescue in such cases)
EDC and CDC may separate into two subcategories:
– The kit which one carries on oneself never to part,
– The kit that one carries in his backpack, in a bag, which is never very far away.
Where then is the difference between a good and a bad survival kit?
First, a good survival kit is a kit that carries with itself on the ground. Needless to gather the world’s best equipment in a bag if it is to leave the home because it is too heavy … This requires that your kit is small enough and compact so you can take it anywhere Ideally, it should fit in the pockets of your pants, or almost … and forget! To achieve this, we must find a good compromise between weight, quality and versatility of these tools.
Then a good survival kit is a kit that assembled itself, according to its specific needs, environment …
A good survival kit contains good elements, robust, efficient, and sustainable. Some excellent pieces of equipment are expensive, others can be inexpensive. The price of the equipment is not a guarantee of quality but sometimes a price.
A good survival kit is a kit which is self-tested in the field. The reality on the ground is always more complex and more twisted than can imagine the engineers, designers and other inventors. In addition to ensuring that the equipment is working by testing its equipment, it also trains to use it, which is absolutely essential.
A good survival kit finally contains elements simple and easy to use. In emergency situations, the common people lose about half of its IQ points and most of his fine motor skills. In short, survival situations are very bad times to try to understand how something, or to thoroughly handle small objects (especially in the dark with cold fingers, shuddering) … When you have a choice how between two pieces of equipment, so realistically choose the simplest, most effective.
Proposed usually embedded objects kits
Without wanting to impose a “standard equipment” worn either around the neck or around the waist, or in pockets in the backpack … the synthesis below is content to collect the fruit of thoughts many followers of survival. The equipment is gathered by topics, relying on Rule 3 stated above.
Three minutes without oxygen in our vital centers
All equipment will ensure the body a normal operation. Mainly be found in this section the medical first aid equipment.
– Compress (5cm x 5cm)
– Dressings (6×2, 12×7, 1×4, 3×7.5 …)
– Compression bandage and / or hemostatic pad
– Sanitary towel (can be used to make pressure dressings in heavy
– Steristrips 3mm x 75mm (adhesive sutures)
– Disinfectant wipes, alcoholic compresses, antiseptic unidose
– Physiological Serum (also used to mineralize distilled water or snow and ice
– Drugs preferably orodispersible: Coalgan, Merocel, Zyrtec, Smecta, Disprile,
Lactéol, Paracetamol, Immosel, Aspirin, Ventolin, Cortisone, Ixprim, Iibuprofène,
Arnica (bring a checklist with the prescribed doses)
– Ticks Tongs
– Mask mouth-to-mouth
– Antibacterial Gel (very good fire starter)
– Marseille Soap, small hotel soap (detergent action but not antispetique exist.
– Kleenex (make a dressing, blow your nose …)
– Toilet paper (make a dressing, blow nose, intimate hygiene …)
– Anti-Adhesive bulbs
– Bandana, cheche (pressure bandage, sling for a broken arm)
Three hours without temperature control in extreme climate
The goal of the material listed here is to maintain a body temperature “normal”, always with the aim of enabling the corp optimal operation.
– Cover light survival and / or thick (reflection of solar radiation and IR at
use with tealight position cf survival)
– Poncho K-Way
– Large size garbage bags (heavy garden, 100 L) (can be used as a sleeping bag
fortune once filled with leaves, poncho, pillow …)
– Hat, balaclava, woolen neck plastron (40% of heat exchange with the body
the environment are made in the neck and head)
– Gloves (disposable latex fine leather, thick leather site), mittens
To warm (make fire)
– Firesteel (to light a fire in any weather)
– BIC Lighter, Butane, magnesium, piezo, storm (ineffective if wet or fingers
– Matches + scraper (pasted into the scraper, the waterproof, protected …)
– Magnesium block (practice making magnesium turnings)
– Stick BBQ fire lighter oil, sealed with tape (very little but ecological
– Cotton Vaseline (as our straws firelighters)
– Wood fat (saturated piece of dead pine resin, turpentine feeling, present in
heart of the old pine stumps)
– Natural Amadous (birch bark, tinder fungus, carbonized cotton …)
– Folding stove with pellets
– Candle heats flat (hold a flame, lighting, fuel for waxing
better fire, warm under a poncho)
– Slow burning candle survival
– Birthday candles “magic” (come on again all alone in windy)
Three days without water survival kit
The human body is mostly water and it needs a steady supply. The equipment listed below should allow the purification and storage of this vital element.
– Gourde (prefer a wide-mouth Nalgene Wide-Mouth style)
– Metal container that will contain and boil water.
– Pocket water (watch the interview)
– Compressed towel (pick dew on plants, cover the head and neck)
– Condoms (may contain a lot of water but impractical to fill; train before
at least once! It can be placed in a sock to protect the once full)
– Gaze (this filter is of course also in case of injury)
– Bandana prewashed, piece of cloth, cloth handkerchief (filter, collect the dew on the
plants, but also serve as a compression bandage)
– Tip of clear plastic tube (communicating vessels, filter holder)
– Coffee filters, filter paper
– Periodic Buffer (filter)
– Bacterial sterilization tablets water (Micropur, only works properly
therefore filtered on a clear water)
Three weeks without food
In the short term (a few days), eating is clearly not a priority, but the following items will help maintain morale better able to respond to emergencies of the moment.
– Salt (in a sealed tube, the most important to mineralize water)
– Dried fruits, Chocolate, Sugar, Cereal Bars (Energy)
– Coffee, Tea (give flavor to hot water)
– Bouillon / Maggi cube in a Kinder egg or a small box (preferably waterproof)
– Rice (small pouch or film box)
– Miso Soup thus sealed foil pouch
– Tablet chewing gum
And finally, various elements that will bring more to provide tougher … but the kit.
What link, paste, assemble
– Super-glue glue (paste objects to a wound or if nothing else)
– Scotch tape or fabric / canvas, orange
– Duct tape wide, narrow canvas → The adhesive that is torn on the side and glue strong
– Tube (good fuel)
– Nylon Cord
– Sewing Cordonnet
– Wire, brass
– Dental floss
– Fishing line
– Sewing thread
– Sisal twine (good firelighters)
– Mountaineering Cord diameter 3 normed
– Mason Cordeau
– Cotton Cord
– Sewing needles (strong, sterile …)
– Sewing kit
– Pin to nurse (single, security …)
– Fishing Kit (assorted hooks, line Leads assorted Swivels Assorted)
– Multifunction pliers (Leatherman multitool, for example)
– Whetstone, diamond stone double sided
– 320 Sandpaper, emery cloth
– Carabiner (mini, with ferrule …)
– Stainless spoon
– Folding Knives
– Leatherman multitool
– Various and varied knives (stainless steels favor of good quality)
– Scalpel blade (for ultra-light kits)
– Breakable cutter blade 10 cm
– Chain saw (chainsaw chain kind with handles)
– Saw wire (very limited space efficiency but minimum)
– Saw Metal Piece
– Lamp (Fenix, Maglite, …)
– Spare batteries for his flashlight
– Light Poles (reliable source of light, durable, practical and safe)
– Fourth, Mug titanium (aluminum is light but it burns the lips, stainless steel is good but
heavy, titanium is the top)
– Ziploc (warning models with zip slide are not all waterproof)
– Aluminum container folded of 500 ml of capacity
– Aluminium foil (modeling for container but in a very relative effectiveness)
What signal its presence
– Signalling mirror
– Reflective strips (Reflexite)
– Mini distress signals guide (which you can download on our
website under Tips)
– A lamp for light signals
– Rocket distress
– Anything that can emit or reflect a discernible by a wave of our organs
– Mini thermometer
– Compass (Mini Silva …)
– Compass watch altimeter (solar recharge if possible)
– Pocket watch a → needles can move
– Checklist / Plug for survival instructions
– Pencils (mini IKEA, red pen, blue pen, marker wholesale, indelible
– Paper (10 * 15 small notebook enhances the tape, index cards, sheets …
– USB key (with your identification documents, medical records, scanned …)
– Blood group card + ID card
– Bank card replacement
– Emergency numbers (see our fact sheets)
– Tape measure
– Subway Tickets
– 7×18 Monocular
– Spare Pair of glasses (especially if one is handicapped without his glasses)
Examples of kits
The medium kit “bag bottom”
a fire-starter (cotton straw egg or vaseline)
a portion of hacksaw,
a folding knife (possibly a fixed blade knife camp)
a saw wire (reduced efficacy but better than nothing)
a sewing kit: safety pins, thread, a few buttons, needles, small scissors …
a fishing kit: wire, swivels, bottom line, and hooks of various sizes …
a medical kit: compresses, compression bandage, classic dressings, adhesive suture, alcohol wipes, antiseptic and physiological serum pod, some tablets like the immodium, paracetamol, ticks clips …
a small LED lamp,
one or two light sticks Cyalume
a small sharpening stone,
SuperGlue like a glue tube,
salt and sugar,
few meters of string and rope,
some cutter blade or scalpel,
tape-type ultra-resistant DuctTape,
a survival blanket,
a tampon (such as fuel, dressings …)
water treatment tablets Micropure lyophilized and drinks (tea, coffee, soup)
Ziplock plastic bags types,
one or two condoms,
a notepad water resistant,
the clip speed clamps,
a metal container if possible waterproof,
a bandana 100% cotton (to protect the head, to filter water, make a sling for a broken arm, …)
sheets with practical information on survival (light a fire, make a shelter, …)
some tea bags, some bouillon cubes,
The kit “Small box of survival”
About the size of a small box with metal cigarettes for example. First, by polishing the inside of the lid, you can get a mirror, then by closing with adhesive tape, you can make it waterproof. Also note on the cover the expiry date of certain items (some items need to be changed regularly).
Fil & needles
Online & hooks (preferably small)
Mini glow stick
Snare wire (copper): 60-90 cm
Small medical need
Some razor blade or scalpel blades
Some Micropur tablets to purify water
A small pencil
Sheets of survival instructions