The situations of survival gear list and life in nature in general can be separated into two broad categories: those where the objective is to move (on holiday or escape, which can happen in case of war, disaster area without food sufficient, etc.), and those where the objective is “simply” to survive, waiting for relief, for example.
Obviously, a shelter for the night between two days of marches will not look like a shelter in which you intend to live several days or weeks (why not?). Same depending on the tools you have or not. Thus, various possibilities are offered in this article and it will choose the one that best fits your situation.
Choice of location.
First, you must carefully choose the location of your shelter. Not too far from a water source (a brook or small river is ideal) to avoid having to make too much effort to get water, without much closer to not be bothered by insects and other animals living around. I strongly recommend you avoid getting near swamps, which will make you spend sleepless nights because of insects.
To the extent possible, also try to build your shelter in height, avoid valley bottoms or these situations, which are more likely to be wet. The dry river beds are a false good idea since they can fill up quickly during heavy rains.
Finally, depending on the situation, be careful to be discreet if necessary (the woods are ideal for that.) Also pay attention to animal shelters and do not hinder them.
Different types of shelter
Under a tree cut survival gear list :
connifère coupéPrenez shelter under a tree well stocked (if possible a conifer) and flip it like on the image below cons, without cutting it completely if possible. Then remove the branches “inside” (do not remove as many branches on the sides than in the picture, remove only what you need as a place to sleep.) Use these branches, removing pieces of wood too thick, to make a kind of mattress to the ground (in addition to being much more dense to protect you, conifers allow for a very comfortable mattress!). Note that just do not make this shelter every time you walk. If you are not in an emergency situation, build a shelter and do not kill a tree for free …
under an overhang
Generally, it is better to avoid caves. They may be inhabited, and you may intoxicate you with fire. However, an overhang or, even better, a slight indentation in the rock (a very shallow cave what …) can be very useful: if there is an overhang, complete it by building “walls” using branch, making sure to leave an opening large enough so that the smoke does not smokes you. doing your fire at the entrance of the shelter and constructed so that smoke escapes but you to enjoy the heat.
In a hole:
shelter in a trouLa temperature varies less as it sinks into the Earth (ie it is cooler in summer and warmer in winter than 1m in the ground.) This difference is sensitive enough, even without digging a very deep hole. It is another safe option: dig a hole in the ground and cover it with branches. Here you have several ways to make your life easier. You can not enjoy such a pre-existing recess the ground: digging as much, you will have more space once the ‘roof’ placed. You can also enhance your roof with a construction like “lean”
Making a lean:
The lean of fortune survival gear list
The simplest option esttronc to find a fairly thick obstacle (a trunk or a long boulder for example, see image), and build a “roof” between it and the floor. To do so, determine which side is the prevailing wind, and change to the opposite compared to the obstacle. Then ask the branches like the picture, linking either jumping or them up, and pushing them into the ground down if possible. Then place the foliage (evergreen branches for example) above to improve insulation, you will complete with dead leaves there. This penthouse is very basic but can be done very quickly if a cold night comes too quickly for example. You possibly can dig a little to increase the height sub-ceiling in order to gain some comfort ?
The lean more “long-term”
appentisIci, we devote a little more time in making the shelter. It will also be a little less isolated, but will make fire (which clearly changes everything …). The idea this time is to take two trees at a reasonable distance from each other (depending on the number of people to house in particular), and proceed as shown: put a branch between the trees, which will beam and mount the lean against this beam. Then build a wall that will have the dual function of protecting you from the wind (for that, try to add branches to make it less permeable) and return to the shed the heat of fire you will make. Fire should not be under the beam but 50 or 60 cm behind (to avoid burning your lean …), which requires putting the wall a meter behind the trees. You can also wall on one side of your shed (with evergreen branches for example), or both.
In snowy area (especially in the mountains), it is much harder to keep warm. The best solution is to dig a hole, either entirely in the snow (which is a bit complicated without tools) or under a tree that will serve as a roof. Dig down to the ground (possibly using a fire to melt the snow) in order to make fire.
Before making your shelter if you have time, make a fire (quite large in terms of area) on the area where you plan to sleep. This will dry it and keep insects in the soil. Then remove the ashes, and build your shelter over it survival gear list .
Then you have to build up a mattress to isolate yourself from the ground: this is ideal for taking survival gear list evergreen branches you’ll removed the larger branches. Do not hesitate to make a very thick mattress from (20 cm without problem, you can go up to 40 cm), it will collapse anyway, and you will surely be better. Always remember to think about the wind before building your shed: try to find out where the prevailing wind and orient your shelter to protect you.